Map of Saratoga Co., New York: from actual surveys


Dublin Core


Map of Saratoga Co., New York: from actual surveys

Map Item Type Metadata

Creator - Individual

Geil, Samuel

Date Depicted (Display)


Date Published (Display)



"Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1856 by Robert Pearsall Smith in the ... Eastern District of Pennsylvania."

Abstract (& Historical Note)

Until the nineteenth century, leading mapmakers worked in ‘cabinets’ (or offices) collecting the (sometimes unreliable) observations of others to create maps. Therefore, maps based on scientific or mathematical observation boasted of their origin in “actual surveys.” Samuel Geil’s large-scale wall map of Saratoga County shows the relation of Saratoga Springs to the surrounding area and Saratoga, from which it split in 1819. This map, still on its original dowel, shows how such wall maps might have hung in a business, government office, or private parlor.

The comparatively large, dense inset of Saratoga Springs in the bottom right-hand corner of the map proclaims the town’s growing prominence, and a growing professional class of hotel owners, lawyers, doctors, educators and merchants. The map features two Saratoga Springs buildings, G. P. Putnam and Charles H. Payn’s “New Union Hall” (upper left) and the Greek Revival home of well-to-do farmer John R. Peters (upper right).

Description from the Library of Congress:

General-content county map showing rural buildings with householders' names; the Saratoga Springs and Ballston Spa insets show building coverage and names of principal buildings. Hand colored to emphasize town (township) boundaries and territories. "Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1856 by Robert Pearsall Smith in the ... Eastern District of Pennsylvania."


Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress




County maps
Color maps
Pictorial maps


County Maps
Cities and Towns

Subject - Details

Ainsworth Place (Saratoga Springs, N.Y)
American Hotel (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)
Circular Railroad (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)
Church-- Baptist
Church-- Episcopal
Church-- Methodist
Church-- Presbyterian
Columbian Hotel (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)
Congress Hall (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)
Crescent Hotel (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)
Iconography-- house
Public works (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)-- water works, water supply
The Saratogian (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)-- editor
Union Hall (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)
United States Hotel (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)

Subject - Geographic

Ballston Lake (N.Y.: Lake)
Ballston Spa (N.Y.)
Champlain Canal (N.Y.)
Columbian Spring (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)
Congress Spring (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)
Empire Spring (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)
Hamilton Spring (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)
High Rock Spring (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)
Hudson River (N.Y.)
Mohawk River (N.Y.)
Pavilion Springs (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)
Putnam Spring (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)
Saratoga (N.Y.)
Saratoga County (N.Y.)
Saratoga Lake (N.Y. : Lake)
Saratoga Springs (N.Y.)
Walton (Iodine) Spring (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)
Washington Spring (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.)

Subject - Name

Putnam, Mrs. M.
Hathorn, W.H. Owner Congress Hall.
Lester, C.S. Lawyer.
Searing & Putnam Lawyers
Marvin, J.M. Owner United States Hotel.


E.A. Balch

Place of Publication

Philadelphia, PA

Physical Dimensions

1 map on 2 sheets : color ; 144 x 93 cm, sheets 78 x 104 cm and 73 x 104 cm, folded to 79 x 54 cm and 77 x 54 cm


1.25 inch to 1 mile

Record Creation Date


Item Relations

This item has no relations.


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