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Edinburgh Census Book (1845)

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Dublin Core

Title

Edinburgh Census Book (1845)

Date

1845

Provenance

Brookside Museum/Saratoga County History Center

Text Item Type Metadata

Original Format

book

Abstract (& Historical Note)

New York State's second Constitution (1821) required a state census starting in 1825 and every ten years after that. Censuses were then taken ever ten years until 1875. The State's copy of these census records were destroyed in a 1911 fire, so books such as this one, recording the residents, origins, activities and religious and educational institutions of the town of Edinburgh (now Edinburg), Saratoga County, are rare and valuable records which offer insight into many aspects of everyday and community life.

The Brookside holds the entire book, State of New-York, Census of the State for the Year 1845. Town of Edinburgh, Election Dist. No. (blank), County of Saratoga, Book. No. 1, for 1845.  Shown here are the first set of household entries (in 6 pages, to reveal all 50 questions) as well as the community questions about industry, religion, education, people with disabilities, and businesses (hotels, restaurants, professions) asked of the census taker at the end.

While such censues are incredibly informative -- and reveal (for example) expectations that most cloth was made at home, and the principal crops census takrs expected farmers to produce -- they are also challenging.  For example, this census only asked the name of the head of household (usually an adult male) and "persons of color" in the household or family. In terms of place of birth, the census asked how many family members (but not whom) were born in New York state, New England, other US states, Mexico and South America, Great Britain, France, Germany and other parts of Europe.

QUESTIONS:

The 1845 New York State Census asked questions about households with information about race, class, gender, manufacturing, nationality, education, and more in a family or home, with additional questions in the end about
1845

Name of head of family; number of males in family, including its head, if male; females in family, including its head, if female; males in family subject to militia duty; persons entitled to vote; aliens, not naturalized; paupers; colored not taxed; colored taxed; colored voters; married females under 45; unmarried females between the ages of 16 and 45; unmarried females under 16;

marriages in the family during the preceding year; male and female births in family during year; male and female deaths in family during year;

family members born in New York State; born in New England; born in any other state of the Union; born in Mexico, or South America; born in Great Britain, or its possessions; born in France; born in Germany; born in other parts of Europe;

children between the ages of 5 and 16; children attending common schools; children attending private or select incorporated schools; children attending academies or unincorporated seminaries of learning other than colleges; children attending colleges and universities;

family's cloth manufactures, acres of improved land, crops ("agricultural and horticultural statistics") and animals. (List from New York State Library Census Questions webpage (2021)

Repository

Brookside Museum, Saratoga County Historical Society (Ballston Spa, N.Y.)

Creator - Organization

New York State

Subject - Details

Saratoga County (N.Y.)
Saratoga County (N.Y.) Census -- 1845

Subject - Geographic

Saratoga County (N.Y.)
Edinburg (N.Y.)

URL

Brookside Collection Online Metadata, https://brookside.pastperfectonline.com/

Record Creation Date

05/05/2021

Collection

Citation

“Edinburgh Census Book (1845)
,” Skidmore Saratoga Memory Project, accessed August 7, 2022, https://ssmp.skidmore.edu/document/1274.

Item Relations

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